Business finance is the science and art of financing and managing the daily operations of an organization. The business finance management department is primarily concerned with financial resources, such as capital, loans, investments, credit, and taxes, in order to achieve the organization’s long term objectives. The concepts and practices of business finance are complex and require careful attention to detail. When business owners enter into a financial agreement, they often expect that their partners will appropriately contribute funds to meet their goals, but this is not always the case. As long as adequate funding is available, the overall success of the organization depends upon how well the business operates according to plan.
Business finance can include operating expenses such as utilities, rent, payroll, advertising and other special charges, as well as long-term decisions such as expansion or acquiring additional capital. It also includes financing and investing in new ventures, equipment, inventory, and facilities. In addition, it involves the management of contractual relationships, such as contracts with suppliers and sub-contractors. By planning and executing the financial operations of the organization, managers can maximize performance and minimize risk to the company’s investors.
A business finance manager is responsible for managing a business’s funds. These are the money that will finance the various business operations and goals. The fund’s management duties of each manager will vary depending on the specific needs of the organization. Some managers control and allocate the cash resources, while others prepare the required reports and perform other reporting obligations. Other finance managers monitor the lending and other credit lines. Some specialize in working with business owner finance issues, while others work with general lending functions.
Managers are charged with a number of responsibilities. Most focus on the financial operations of the company and its various activities. They prepare and distribute annual reports outlining the company’s financial status and performance. In addition, they perform financial analysis and prepare balance sheet reports detailing the short and long-term balances.
The ability to formulate financial plans and to monitor the funding status of the business is one of the primary duties of business finance management. As such, it also manages the company’s assets and liabilities. One of the key components to business finance management is financial planning. This entails preparing budgets for operations and acquiring new capital or raising funds through other options such as borrowing. The preparation of the budget is an essential part of the funding process for the organization, as it enables the manager to know where the organization’s funds are going and how they will be utilized in future months and years.
Another key function of business finance managers is financial planning for investing in business activities such as acquiring raw materials and equipment, opening new facilities, and increasing sales and productivity. While these processes will all naturally require additional funds, they are often required in order to operate these business activities at maximum capacity. Proper funding of these business activities is essential to ensuring that they are successful, thus profitability for the organization.
Finance plays a key role in all types of business activities. It therefore makes sense that finance has two main functions. First, it should be capable of assisting the organization in attaining its goals by providing the necessary financial information needed for its accomplishment. Second, it should facilitate the smooth running of business activities by providing the necessary data and information whenever they are required. These two main roles of the finance function together to help managers and executives make the best decisions regarding the operation of their organization.
There are two categories of business finance. They are business finance management and small business financing. Small business financing involves obtaining a loan from a financial institution or from a private lender for the acquisition of assets and property, and paying for them over a period of time. Business finance management involves processes such as identifying the best sources for business capital, creating a sound business plan, analyzing financial statements, making a major decision concerning investment, and negotiating with a third party to acquire certain assets.