Finance is the study of how money moves from one place to another. Its importance in a growing economy is evident in the increasing numbers of businesses having a financial establishment. The practice of borrowing money for business purposes has become widespread in many countries all over the world. Whether to use it as capital or pay salary, business owners need a sound knowledge of business finance.
Business finance is an important branch of accounting that study the financial value of particular assets, the cost of producing those assets, and their potential return on investment. It is also an essential part of national economic theory and plays significant effects on both micro and macroeconomics. In business, it is necessary to keep track of financial assets and liabilities and decide whether they can be used for a particular purpose. Thus business finances form the heart of any enterprise, be it a manufacturing concern or a retail outlet.
Like other professions, there is no basic qualification required to become a financial manager. However, most business finance experts started their career working at commercial banks. A commercial bank manager takes care of the cash flow of a particular bank and ensures that it makes profits to expand its lending range. At the same time, commercial banks are also involved in financial operations like clearing loans. To make the loan payments to customers, the manager analyses customer accounts and decides which loan can be settled with the lowest payment amount so as to generate more income. The chief objective of any manager is to maximize profitability.
Commercial banks provide a wide range of business finance products that include various forms of equity financing, business lines of credit, commercial leases, assumption loans, working capital management, merchant cash advances, and other forms of short-term loans and capital. A wide range of business finance products is available from banks. Some popular finance products are cash advances, business lines of credit, merchant cash advances, commercial leases, and real estate liens.
In order to provide commercial loans and business financing, different types of institutions operate. Small business financing involves a bank providing a line of credit to a business owner. Small business financing is mainly obtained through bank loans. Other small business financing options available to businesses are debt financing and working capital management.
On the other hand, equity financing relates to the sale of certain parts of a business in order to raise money for general purposes. Equity is the most common means of raising funds. Equity financing can take many forms. For instance, business owners can sell some of their business assets to raise money. Some of these assets may include equipment, buildings, machinery, and land.
Another popular method of business finance financing is the purchase of accounts receivable. Accounts receivable financing involves collecting payments from customers over time until the account is fully paid off. This is one of the most efficient and fastest ways of raising money for a business.
Business owners can also look into obtaining venture capital or private equity in order to expand and grow their business. Venture capital is used to fund start-up costs or to expand current operations. Private equity is different from conventional bank loans and financing because it is generally provided by a private funding source that does not require a credit score. However, it is important to keep in mind that venture capital and private equity are similar in that they both are forms of investment. In order to receive any of these investments, business owners must meet a series of requirements related to their business.